Vienna can be described as a city of museums. The Vienna Art History Museum is one of the most important museums in Vienna. Other museums that contain important collections are; Belvedere, Albertina and Leopold. 🙂
Bruegel works come to mind first when we talk about the Vienna Art History Museum. In the room reserved for Bruegel, beautiful works are exhibited together. We spent the longest time in our room in our museum tour. One of the most important works of the artist is one of the works you will enjoy spending a long time in front of The Tower of Babel and exploring the details.
The highlight of Bruegel’s themed works is the presence of crowded scenes with many stories. For this reason, it is necessary to have a great deal of time to examine each area separately in such large-scale works. Children’s Games, Hunters in the Snow, The Harvest, Landscape with the Fall of Icarus, Peasant Wedding.
In the museum, which contains many works of another Dutch painter Rubens, a huge hall has been reserved for Rubens’ works.
Vermeer’s famous painting The Art of Painting is one of the most important works you can see in the collection of this museum. The female figure in the picture represents Clio (the muse of historical events) from the nine muse of Greek mythology with the laurel wreath on the head and the trumpet and the book in her hand.
5 paintings of Spanish painter Velazquez are exhibited in the museum. Here you can see the Infanta Margarita in a Blue Dress, a portrait of Margarita in blue dresses from the Table of Bridesmaids (Las Meninas). Milan-born painter Arcimboldo’s portrait created using plants, animals and objects from nature; You can see Summer from the 4 seasons series and Fire from the 4 element series.
An example of the painting type of David Teniers (Younger), which depicts an image of Archduke Leopold William, a prominent Habsburg collector in the 1600s, in Brussels, is one of the works worth seeing in the museum.
The female figure in Titian’s “Girl in a Fur” was one of the models he used many times in his paintings. Rubens made his second wife, Helena’s portrait “Helena Fourment in a Fur Robe,” inspired by this painting. It is a coincidence that two works can be seen in the museum collection.
It has been painted by many artists since the beginning of the 15th century with its cloak, long dress and palm leaf. St. Justina’s painting by Moretta de Brescia with a white unicorn symbolizing her virginity. Justina Venerated by a Patron is considered one of the most important paintings of the High Renaissance.
Parmigianino’s Self Portrait in a Convex Mirror is a mirror painting of the painter himself (21 years old), created by painting on a convex wooden surface. Parmigianino produced works that allowed the transition from the Renaissance to Mannerism. Bow-Carving Amor is another symbol of the Rising Italian Mannerism. Cupid depicts cupid using his weapon to spread love and pain, Eros looks at the viewer over his shoulder.
Portrait of Maximilian I, Johannes Kleberger, Virgin and Child with a Pear and Portrait of a Young Venetian Woman are the works of German painter Albert Dürer.
Another work, which is painted Maximilian I, is illustrated Maximilian I with his wife Mary of Burgundy, their children Philip the Fair, Philip’s children Charles and Ferdinand, and their adopted Louis of Hungary. The creator of this work is Bernhard Strigel.
One of the great masters of the Renaissance, in Raphael’s Madonna in the Meadow, Mary holds the baby Jesus with both hands and looks at John the Baptist. Leonardo’s Madonna-themed compositions led to the transformation of the Madonna image in Florence, an expression of artistic success rather than a religious image. Raphael came to Florence in 1504 and presented this painting to his Florentine boss Taddeo Taddi during his stay in Florence.
The museum features a portrait of Jan Van Eyck, whose exact identity is unknown. According to the first estimates of the work of the Papal Emperor is considered a cardinal picture of the person’s clothes, haircuts, such as looking at the details of today’s art historians are considered to be a scholar or a senior person.
Giovanni Bellini, one of the founders of the Venice High Renaissance
together with his pupils Titian and Giorgiona, depicted Isabella d’Este, the wife of the artist’s Mantuan boss Isabella d’Este, in the background.
Lucas Cranach’s Judith’s killing of the enemy general Holofernes’i to save the Israelites (Jews) in the work of the subject, Judith’s beautiful appearance at first glance draws attention to the sword and severed head with the brutality behind that beautiful face feels. The works of two other artists (Paolo Caliari, Simon Vouet) are also visible.
Paolo Caliari was an artist who had a great influence on the masters of the 18th century who tried to convey light sfumato figures and powerful currents of light gold plated objects to give a poetic image of mythological and allegorical scenes. Another of the artist’s works in the museum can be described as a fine example of the impressive style of the master Lukrezia.
Another Venetian artist Tintoretto’s works are included in the museum collection. Susanna and the Elders and Man with a White Beard can be seen at the museum.
Other important painters whose paintings exhibitied in the museum; Caravaggio, Anton Van Dyck, Rembrandt, Pieter de Hooch, Frans Van Mieris, Coreggio, Hans Von Aachen, Anton Raphael Mengs, Lorenzo Lotto and Luca Giardano.